Reverse Mortgage Pros and Cons, Learn the Disadvantages, reverse mortgage disadvantages.#Reverse #mortgage #disadvantages

Reverse Mortgage Pros and Cons

  • Allows the homeowner to stay in the home. 1
  • Can pay off existing mortgages on the home.
  • No monthly mortgage payments are required, however the homeowner must live in the home as their primary residence, continue to pay required property taxes, homeowners insurance and maintain the home according to Federal Housing Administration requirements. Failure to meet these requirements can trigger a loan default that may result in foreclosure.
  • The homeowner receivespayments on flexible terms:
    • Credit line for emergencies
    • Monthly payments
    • Lump sum distribution (only on fixed rate loans)
    • Any combination of the above
  • A reverse mortgage can not get upside down so the heirs will never be personally liable for more than the home is sold for.
  • Heirs inherit the home and keep any remaining equity after the balance of the reverse mortgage is paid off.
  • Loan proceeds are not taxed as income or otherwise (though you must continue to pay required property taxes).
  • The interest rate may be lower than traditional mortgages and home equity loans.
  • The fees on a reverse mortgage are the same as a traditional FHA mortgage but are higher than a conventional mortgage because of the insurance cost. The largest costs are:
    • FHA mortgage insurance
    • Origination fee
  • The loan balance gets larger over time and the value of the estate/inheritance may decrease over time.
  • A reverse mortgage loan usually does not affect eligibility for entitlement programs, such as Medicare or Social Security benefits. However, some needs based government benefits such as Medicaid and Supplemental Security Income (SSI) may be affected by a reverse mortgage loan. You should consult a qualified professional to determine if there would be any impact to your government benefits.
  • The program is not well understood by most individuals. However, the availability of independent reverse mortgage counseling helps.

Next Step: Take 3 minutes now to calculate your eligibility for a reverse mortgage loan below.

Common Mortgage Servicer Violations in Loan Modifications, mortgage modifications.#Mortgage #modifications

Common Mortgage Servicer Violations in Loan Modifications

Mortgage servicers handle loan modification applications from homeowners. Unfortunately, mortgage servicers sometimes make serious errors when processing loan modification requests. This can cause a number of problems for a homeowner, such as missing out on getting a modification or even a wrongful foreclosure.

Read on to learn about the most common mortgage servicer violations when it comes to loan modifications and find out what to do if any of these things has happened to you.

Understanding the Parties in Mortgage Transactions

To fully understand the errors that can occur in the mortgage servicing industry, you must first understand the players involved in a residential mortgage loan transaction.

Mortgagor. The mortgagor is the individual (the homeowner) who borrows money and pledges the home as security to the lender for the loan.

Mortgagee. The mortgagee is the lender. The mortgagee gives the loan to the mortgagor.

Mortgage Investor. An investor buys loans from lenders. By purchasing mortgage loans from lenders, the mortgage investor provides the lender with funds to use to make additional loans.

Mortgage servicer. Mortgage servicers manage loan accounts on behalf of the mortgagee or investor. The servicer typically:

  • sends the monthly mortgage statement to the homeowner
  • collects and processes payments
  • tracks account balances
  • manages the escrow account
  • reviews loan modification applications, and
  • pursues foreclosure when the mortgagor stops making payments.

Basically, a servicer acts as the agent of the owner of the loan (the mortgagee or investor).

Understanding Loan Modifications

A loan modification is a permanent change to the loan terms to reduce the monthly payments in order to make the loan more affordable for the borrower. In a loan modification, the lender may agree to do one of more of the following:

  • reduce the interest rate
  • convert from a variable interest rate to a fixed interest rate, or
  • extend of the length of the term of the loan.

Common Violations in Loan Modifications

Below are some common problems that mortgage servicers perpetrate in the loan modification process.

Failing to Process the Application in a Timely Manner

Many homeowners have experienced lengthy delays when waiting for the servicer to make a decision on whether or not to grant a loan modification. In some cases, the servicer doesn’t tell the homeowners that they are missing documents necessary for the loan modification decision. In others, the servicer simply doesn’t get around to reviewing the request in a timely manner.

Federal mortgage servicing rules, effective January 10, 2014, aim to reduce these delays. Under these rules, when a mortgage servicer receives a loan modification application from a homeowner 45 days or more before a foreclosure sale, it must:

  • review the application
  • determine if the application is complete or incomplete, and
  • notify the borrower within five days stating that the application is complete or incomplete. (If incomplete, the servicer must describe the information needed to complete the application.)

If the servicer receives a complete application more than 37 days before a foreclosure sale, it must review the application and determine if the borrower qualifies for a loan modification within 30 days. (Learn more about New Federal Rules Protecting Homeowners With Mortgages.)

Telling Homeowners They Have To Be In Default

During the foreclosure crisis, it was commonplace for mortgage servicers to tell homeowners that they couldn’t get a modification unless they were late in payments. Sometimes but not very often servicers still make this statement. However, it is not usually true. For most modification programs, you may be either behind in payments or simply in danger of falling behind on your mortgage payments.

Requiring a Homeowner to Resubmit Information

In some cases, servicers ask homeowners to submit and then resubmit information when applying for a loan modification. This is especially true in the case of income verification documents (such as paystubs and profit and loss statements), which can quickly become outdated in the eyes of the servicer.

In addition, servicers may also sometimes ask borrowers to resubmit documentation when the paperwork gets lost.

If this happens to you, you should resubmit any duplicate information that the servicer requests, but be sure to keep a record of when you sent it, who you sent it to, and send it by some method that you can track.

Using Incorrect Income Information In Processing the NPV (Net Present Value)

When a servicer evaluates a borrower for a loan modification, it looks at financial information about the borrower, the loan, and the property (such as the borrower s income, the unpaid principal balance on the loan, the property s fair market value, etc.). It then sometimes makes a comparison between

  • the estimated cash flow the investor will receive if the loan is modified, and
  • the investor s cash flow if the loan is foreclosed.

If the investor would be better off if the servicer forecloses on the loan, rather than modifies the loan (this is called NPV or net present value negative), then the servicer doesn’t have to modify the loan. Sometimes servicers make a mistake when calculating the NPV. (The NPV model is complicated, however the website simplifies the analysis by allowing users to input their own information and receive an immediate NPV assessment.)

Failing to Convert a Trial Modification into a Permanent Modification

Many loan modifications start with a three-month trial period plan. So long as you make three on-time payments during this period, the modification is supposed to become permanent (assuming you still meet the eligibility criteria).

When a servicer promises to modify an eligible loan, homeowners who live up to their end of the bargain expect the servicer to keep that promise. However, many homeowners who have successfully made their trial mortgage modification payments have been unable to get the servicer to make the modifications permanent.

Servicing Transfers in the Middle of a Modification

Servicing transfers are common in the mortgage industry. In some cases, the new servicer fails to honor the modification agreement with the previous servicer.

To address this, recent mortgage servicing rules require the old servicer to send the new servicer:

  • any information showing the current status of discussions with a borrower regarding a loan modification, and
  • any loan modification agreements entered into with the borrower.

Under the federal rules, the new servicer must also have policies and procedures in place to ensure that it honors existing loan modification agreements.

When You Should Hire an Attorney

Mortgage servicers that commit any of the violations mentioned in this article could cause you to (among other things):

  • incur increased fees and costs in order to avoid foreclosure
  • lose your savings in a fruitless attempt to get a loan modification
  • be wrongfully foreclosed upon, and/or
  • miss out on the opportunity to pursue other alternatives to foreclosure, such as a short sale or deed in lieu of foreclosure. (Learn more about alternatives to foreclosure.)

If your mortgage servicer has committed any of the violations mentioned in this article or is otherwise improperly handling your loan modification, you should speak to a qualified attorney who can advise you what to do in your particular situation.

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Current Interest Rates on Home Loans, Savings, Car loans – CD Rates, morgage rates.#Morgage #rates

Today’s Interest Rates and Financial Advice:

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Financial Advice

Would you like to buy a home but worry that you’d never qualify for a mortgage? It’s time to stop guessing and evaluate your chances to land a loan based on everything from how much you make to your credit score. Believe it or not, the odds are in your favor.

November 14th 2017

The average cost of financing a new or used car or truck has stayed low over the past year, making auto loans a bargain by any historical measure. And buyers with reasonably good credit can always take advantage of the discount loans automakers are offering on many models.

November 13th 2017

Lending money to your child is risky business. But if you can avoid the personal pitfalls and convince the federal government that this is really a loan, and not a gift, the Bank of Mom and Dad can be a financial boon for everyone in the family.

November 13th 2017

Here’s how to make all of the right decisions so that you’ll save more, invest wisely and take full advantage of all the tax breaks to build your retirement nest egg.

November 10th 2017

It’s not enough to find a good location at an affordable price. Condo buyers must consider lots of extra costs, from association fees and special assessments to how well the building is maintained and how strictly it enforces rules on everything from noise to pets.

November 10th 2017

You’ve scouted out the best mortgage rate and fought hard to get the best price on your new home. But your bargaining shouldn’t stop there. Here’s how you can save on everything from settlement fees to title insurance.

November 8th 2017

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Individual retirement accounts, or IRAs, are a great way to build financial security for you and your family. They’re easy to open and our simple strategy helps you make all the right decisions now, and in the years ahead.

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Finance – Department of Finance, Insurance and Business Law, morgage rates.#Morgage #rates

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Department of Finance, Insurance and Business Law

Department Overview

Welcome to Virginia Tech’s Department of Finance, Insurance and Business Law. Whether you are a student, parent, alumnus, employer, faculty member or potential research partner, we encourage you to spend time on our website and learn more about our department and what we have to offer.

We are the largest department in Virginia Tech’s Pamplin College of Business, with over 20 full-time faculty members serving over 900 undergraduate students. In a typical year, our department awards more than 300 Bachelor’s degrees (including double majors). We also have an active Ph.D. program and support the university’s various MBA programs in Northern Virginia, Richmond and Roanoke.

Our faculty strive for excellence in teaching, research, and service to our students, community and alumni.Virginia Tech’s finance faculty are experts in their fields. They are actively involved in research in a number of areas, including corporate finance, investments and business law. As part of their research mission, they have published in the top journals within their fields. They are also frequently consulted for their expertise by businesses and other entities. In addition, a number of our faculty members have significant private sector experience and contacts that they frequently leverage in their teaching and advising roles, as well as in helping students navigate the placement process for internships and full-time jobs.

Our undergraduate program is highly rigorous and produces graduates who can succeed in a wide variety of finance careers. Our students are highly recruited by a large number of employers, with over 100 companies coming to campus in a typical year. Despite our department’s large size, the vast majority of our graduating seniors (over 80% in 2014) either receive job offers or continue on to graduate school. The median starting salary (excluding signing bonuses) for our Bachelor’s degree recipients was $56,700 in 2014, with the middle 50 percent ranging from $47,000 to $60,000. Within our undergraduate curriculum, we offer a number of tracks for students who want specialize in various areas of finance. We also offer preparatory coursework for students who want to take the Certified Financial Analyst (CFA) and Certified Financial Planner (CFP) professional exams. For students interested the markets and asset management, we offer hands-on learning through BASIS and SEED, two student-run investment funds, which each manage approximately $5 million of the university’s endowment funds.

At the graduate level, we provide a variety of finance courses as part of the university’s three MBA programs, which are located in Northern Virginia, Richmond and Roanoke. These courses are structured for students with work experience who are pursuing their MBA degrees on a part-time basis at night and on weekends while continuing to hold full-time jobs.

In Blacksburg, we also have an active, rigorous Ph.D. program that produces graduates who can conduct the innovative research required in both academia and the financial services industry. Our Ph.D. students work with our faculty in a variety of research areas, particularly the areas of Investments and Corporate Finance. We have placed our Ph.D. students at a numerous universities around the US and overseas, as well as into the private sector.

If you have any questions or need any additional information, feel free to contact us at [email protected] or (540) 231-5904.

  • Pamplin’s Department of Finance is ranked #5 in the nation by’s Best Bachelor’s In Finance Degree Programs, 2016.
  • The Department of Finance congratulates John Pinkerton’s award of emeritus status!
  • Tracy Castle-Newman has been listed as one of 100 most powerful people in Finance!
  • Finance alumni won all awards announced by the Pamplin Society at the Pamplin Advisory Council dinner! They are:
    • Rising Alumni Award: Bobby Bal, 2010 FIN
    • Rising Alumni Award: Christina Todd, 2009 FIN, Member of the Finance Advisory Board
    • Rising Alumni Award: Ashton Wilson, 2007 FIN
    • Mentoring Award: Nick Cullen, 1991 FIN, Member of the Finance Advisory Board
    • Ut Prosim Service Award: TJ Loeffler, 2011 FIN.
  • We would like to congratulate Jin Xu for her promotion!
  • The Department of Finance congratulates Dr. Hiller on the appointment of Director of Pamplin Integrated Security!
  • Zach Tekamp is one of 12 students chosen to receive a $5,000 scholarship as part of the 2017 TD Ameritrade NextGen RIA Scholarships Grants program
  • Bank of Fincastle Reports, George Morgan in the Media

Faculty Journal Acceptances:

Dr. Sattar Mansi – Journal of Corporate Finance – 2017

• “Do Long-Term Investors Improve Corporate Decision Making?”, with Ambrus and Jarrad Harford

Dr. Jin Xu – Journal of Financial and Quantitative Analysis – 2017

• “Taxes, Capital Structure Choices, and Equity Value”, with Mara Faccio

Dr. Brad Paye – 2017

• “Micro(structure) before macro? The predictive power of aggregate illiquidity for stock returns and economic activity,” with Yong Chen, and Greg Eaton

Dr. Vijay Singal- Journal of Fimacial Economics – 2016

• “Comovement Revisited,” with Honghui Chen, and Robert Whitelaw.

Dr. Gregory Kadlec – Journal of Financial Economics – 2015

• “Institutional investors and asset pricing anomalies,” with Ozzie Ince, and Roger Edelen.

Dr. Jin Xu- Journal of Financial Economics – 2015

• “Golden hellos: Signing bonuses for new top executives,” with Jun Yang.

Dr. Pengfei Ye – Journal of Financial Economics – 2015

• “Relative peer quality and firm performance” with Bill B. Francis, Iftekar Hasan and Sureshbabu Mani.

Course Request for Spring 2018 begins October 17-24, 2017

Best Ontario Mortgage Rates 5-Year Fixed – Compare Today – s Current Ontario 5-Year Fixed

5-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates

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Historical 5-Year Fixed Mortgage Rates From 1973 – Today

5-year fixed mortgage rate defined

The ‘5’ in a 5-year mortgage rate represents the term of the mortgage, not to be confused with the amortization period. The term is the length of time you lock in the current mortgage rate, while the amortization period is the amount of time it will take you to pay off your mortgage. The term acts like a reset button on your mortgage, at which point you must renew the mortgage at a rate available at the end of the term. So, for example, a typical mortgage has a 5-year term and a 25-year amortization period.

When the mortgage rate is ‘fixed’ it means that the rate (%) is set for the duration of the term, whereas with a variable mortgage rate, the rate fluctuates with the market interest rate, known as the ‘prime rate’. So, for example, if the 5-year fixed mortgage rate is 4%, then you will pay 4% interest throughout the term of the mortgage.

An interesting feature of the 5-year fixed mortgage rate is that all borrowers must meet its standards of approval even if they choose a mortgage with a lower interest rate and shorter term. This benchmark is applied not only to reduce risk for the lender, but to give the borrower some breathing room.

Popularity of 5-year fixed mortgage rates

A 5-year mortgage term, at 66% of all mortgages, is by far the most common duration. It sits right in the middle of available mortgage term lengths, between one and 10 years, and, thus, its popularity reflects a risk-neutral average.

A further breakdown of mortgage terms shows that an additional 8% of mortgages have terms exceeding five years, while 26% of mortgages have shorter terms, including 6% with one year or less and 20% with terms from one year to less than four years.

Fixed rates are also most common, representing 66% of total mortgages as well. In terms of age dispersion, fixed rate mortgages are slightly more common for the youngest age groups, and older age groups are more likely to choose variable rate mortgages.

Buying Down Your Interest Rate, The Truth About, interest rate mortgage.#Interest #rate #mortgage

Buying Down Your Interest Rate

Many borrowers and prospective homeowners out there are looking for the lowest possible interest rate, even if it means pulling money out of their own pocket at the time of financing.

Though most borrowers usually opt for a higher mortgage rate to avoid paying closing costs when buying a home or refinancing, some savvy homeowners will pay the one-time fees and take a lower interest rate to save money over the long term.

Of course, this strategy only really makes sense if you plan to stay with the mortgage for a long period of time, as associated savings aren t usually realized for several years.

Buying Down the Rate

If you re working with a bank or mortgage broker, you can easily buy down your interest rate by asking for a series of different rates and associated costs. This is known as buying down the rate, and is common practice in the mortgage industry.

You may have seen mortgage advertisements for no point mortgages or zero point mortgages, and may be quick to jump on them. And though these no cost loans could serve you well to leverage your money, for borrowers who have decent asset reserves and plan to pay off their loan, buying down the interest rate may be a better idea.

Should you buy down your rate?

Deciding whether or not to buy down your interest rate can be tricky, but if you get your hands on a rate sheet, you can make the decision quite easily. Most mortgage programs have a system where you ll pay a certain amount in fee for a specified change in interest rate.

For example, if your interest rate at the par rate is 6.25%, but you d like a rate of 6%, you ll need to buy down that rate by paying mortgage discount points.

Mortgage discount points are a form of prepaid interest that can lower your mortgage rate if you so desire.

A rate sheet may look something like this:

Each rate has a corresponding price, which is simply displayed as a percentage of the loan amount. In the example above, the par rate would be 6.25%, as it has an associated price of zero.

How much does 1 point lower your interest rate?

If you look at the buy-down ratio for each rate, it isn t exactly a perfect science. Well, at least not to us non-bankers. Usually as the interest rate goes lower, the price to buy down goes higher, often disproportionately. This actually makes sense because it gets increasingly expensive to go well below typical market rates.

As you can see, someone could pay one point for a rate of 5.875%, but be asked to pay nearly double that to get the rate down another eighth to 5.75%. That probably wouldn t make much sense.

This is why it s important to decide on a pricing threshold where it makes sense to buy it down instead of chasing a certain rate.

For some reason, homeowners seem to have a specific interest rate in mind that they must have. It s foolish to go after a precise rate, especially when the cost associated may eclipse the actual savings you d accrue over time with the slightly lower rate.

Even if you have your heart set on X rate, you may want to see what the lender is offering, then compare your mortgage payment at different rates and consider the associated costs for buying down to those rates.

Note: There may be a limit to how many mortgage points you can buy based on the new QM rules, along with how low the lender is willing to go. It also gets to a point where it no longer makes sense to keep going lower because the cost becomes excessive.

Look at a comparison of interest-only mortgage payments on a $500,000 loan amount

Interest rate of 6.25% with a price of 0.00 Monthly payment: $2604.17

Interest rate of 5.875% with a price of 1.00 Monthly payment: $2447.92

Total monthly savings: $156.25

Total cost to buy down rate to 5.875%: $5,000.00

It would take roughly 32 months to realize the savings associated with the lower rate of 5.875%. It may be worth it if you plan on staying in your home over a long period of time, but if not, it might be wise to stick with a slightly higher interest rate at no cost.

Do the math to figure out which rate makes the best sense to buy down based on your long term plan with the associated property. Buying down your interest rate can be a great decision, but also a foolish one if you pick up and go after a year or less.

And remember, don t focus on an exact interest rate. It simply isn t worth it sometimes, especially when the price doubles to drop the interest rate a mere eighth or quarter percentage point.

Financial Calculator, Free Online Calculators from, mortgage loans calculator.#Mortgage #loans #calculator


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Maximize Your Money. Get Expert Advice Tools. Master Life’s Financial Journey.

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Our tools, rates and advice help no matter where you are on life’s financial journey.

Cornerstone Management, cornerstone mortgage.#Cornerstone #mortgage

cornerstone mortgage

Cornerstone Management is recognized as an industry leader in contract negotiation strategies. In addition to structuring professional athlete contracts, we have negotiated over 275 merger and acquisition contracts in excess of $750 million. Our experienced, innovative approach has resulted in landmark deals for our clients since 1983.


Any athlete s transition to the professional level brings about new challenges and responsibilities. Through our experience, we will teach you how to transition to and navigate the professional landscape so that you can put yourself in the position for long-term success.


Combined with our private gym, we have an extensive network of certified strength and conditioning coaches and athletic trainers providing you access to the best fitness personnel. Trainers and coaches are available on a sport-specific basis to provide the safest, most productive workout regimens.


Cornerstone works with accomplished positional coaches and consultants who work in both the NBA and NHL.


Cornerstone Management recognizes the importance of a smart investment strategy as a means to lifetime financial security. We assist our clients in choosing an investment strategy that is best suited to their short and long-term goals.


High net worth individuals involved in high-risk occupations need sufficient protection in the event of a career ending injury or long-term disability. We obtain competitive rates for sport-specific insurances as well as disability, auto, homeowner s, and liability insurance.


Our friendly, efficient staff will make your life easier by performing a variety of daily administrative tasks including bill payments, travel arrangements, bank account management, and any additional services you may need.


A competitive, affordable mortgage is a necessity on the road to financial success. Our staff arranges competitive mortgage rates and payment schedules for our clients different real estate ventures.


The partnerships we ve developed in North America and overseas allow us to help you find the best opportunities to advance your career.

Cambria at Otay Ranch – Cornerstone Communities, cornerstone mortgage.#Cornerstone #mortgage

cornerstone mortgage

Beginning a month prior to opening you may make an appointment with a Community Sales Agent. The agent will review the steps to purchase and give you a link to the Seller’s Designated Lender on-line application.

You will need to complete all the information in the application (for you and your spouse if purchasing together). If you are considering a purchase with someone other than your spouse, you will need to fill out two separate applications (one for each of you).

PLEASE NOTE: Earnest money deposit is $10,000. If you have chosen to use CrossCountry Mortgage to finance your new home the earnest money deposit is discounted to $5,000. You always have the option of using your choice of lenders to finance your new home.


You will need to email the following documents to CrossCountry Mortgage:

  • Official Bank statements for each account you have for the prior 2 months (all pages)
  • Pay-stubs covering the prior 30 days
  • Federal Tax Returns for the prior 2 years (including all schedules and attachments)
  • W-2s from the prior 2 years
  • Loan Worksheet Questionnaire (provided by sales agent)
  • Buyer’s Certification and Authorization (provided by sales agent)


You will also need to complete the Buyer’s Profile Form and email it to the sales office. Upon receipt of all your documents the pre-qualification will commence and you will be kept updated on the progress.

PLEASE NOTE: Earnest money deposit is $10,000. If you have chosen to use CrossCountry Mortgage to finance your new home the earnest money deposit is discounted to $5,000. You always have the option of using your choice of lenders to finance your new home.

CrossCountry Mortgage is the designated lender of Cornerstone Communities. The relationship with CrossCountry Mortgage allows Cornerstone to offer home buyers numerous benefits and favorable financing solutions. Learn more about CrossCountry Mortgage here.